The Carnegie Non-European Library Service (Transvaal) was established in Germiston, South Africa in 1932. The purpose of the organization was to promote library service to the black population of South Africa. The Germiston Public Library served as the organization’s headquarters. Herbert Isaac Ernest Dhlomo, a member of the Zulu Nation, was appointed the organization’s first librarian-organizer in 1937. In 1946, the organization was moved to Pretoria, South Africa and re-named the Non-European Library Service, Transvaal. The Carnegie Non-European Library Service was discontinued in 1958.
See related post: Herbert Isaac Ernest Dhlomo: Zulu, Writer, Educator, and Pioneer South African Librarian.
Sources: Everts, R. Alain. “The Pioneers: Herbert Isaac Ernest Dhlomo and the Development of Library Service to the African in South Africa.” Third World Libraries 3.2 (1993):n.pag. Web. 12 Feb. 2012. ; Kalley, Jacqueline. Apartheid in South African Libraries: The Transvaal Experience. Lanham: Scarecrow, 2000. 20, 37-42. Print. ; Rochester, Maxine K. “The Carnegie Corporation and South Africa: Non-European Library Services.” Libraries & Culture 34.1 (1999): 36-37, 39, 41, 43, 45. Print. ; Jones, Reinette. “Kentucky Carnegie Colored Libraries International Influence.” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database: Librarians. University of Kentucky Libraries, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2012. ; Bell, Fiona. “The Carnegie Corporation Decides on Racially-Segregated Libraries in South Africa in 1928: Negrophilist or Segregationist?” Library & Information History 25.3 (2009): 184-185. Print. ; Cobley, Alan G. “Literacy, Libraries, and Consciousness: The Provision of Library Services for Blacks in South Africa in the Pre-Apartheid Era.” Libraries & Culture 32.1 (1997): 64-69. Print. ; Olden, Anthony. Libraries in Africa: Pioneers, Policies, Problems. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1995. 23-25. Print.